压降型PWM外文翻译--基于降压型PWM开关电源的建模、仿真和减少传导电磁干扰

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中文 1790字 Modeling, Simulation, and Reduction of Conducted Electromagnetic Interference Due to a PWM Buck Type Switching Power Supply I 基于降压型 PWM 开关电源的建模、仿真和减少传导电磁干扰 I I. INTRODUCTION FAST semiconductors make it possible to have high speed and high frequency switching in power electronics 1 . High speed switching causes weight and volume reduction of equipment, but some unwanted effects such as radio frequency interference appeared 2 . Compliance with electromagnetic compatibility EMC regulations is necessary for producers to present their products to the markets. It is important to take EMC aspects already in design phase 3 . Modeling and simulation is the most effective tool to analyze EMC consideration before developing the products. A lot of the previous studies concerned the low frequency analysis of power electronics components 4 5 . Different types of power electronics converters are capable to be considered as source of EMI. They could propagate the EMI in both radiated and conducted forms. Line Impedance Stabilization Network LISN is required for measurement and calculation of conducted interference level 6 . Interference spectrum at the output of LISN is introduced as the EMC evaluation criterion 7 8 . National or international regulations are the references for the evaluation of equipment in point of view of EMC 7 8 . II. SOURCE, PATH AND VICTIM OF EMI Undesired voltage or current is called interference and their cause is called interference source. In this paper a high-speed switching power supply is the source of interference. Interference propagated by radiation in area around of an interference source or by conduction through common cabling or wiring connections. In this study conducted emission is considered only. Equipment such as computers, receivers, amplifiers, industrial controllers, etc that are exposed to interference corruption are called victims. The common connections of elements, source lines and cabling provide paths for conducted noise or interference. Electromagnetic conducted interference has two components as differential mode and common mode 9 . A. Differential mode conducted interference This mode is related to the noise that is imposed between different lines of a test circuit by a noise source. Related current path is shown in Fig. 1 9 . The interference source, path impedances, differential mode current and load impedance are also shown in Fig. 1. B. Common mode conducted interference Common mode noise or interference could appear and impose between the lines, cables or connections and common ground. Any leakage current between load and common ground could be modeled by interference voltage source. Fig. 2 demonstrates the common mode interference source, common mode currents Icm1 and Icm2 and the related current paths9 . The power electronics converters perform as noise source between lines of the supply network. In this study differential mode of conducted interference is particularly important and discussion will be continued considering this mode only. III. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY REGULATIONS Application of electrical equipment especially static power electronic converters in different equipment is increasing more and more. As mentioned before, power electronics converters are considered as an important source of electromagnetic interference and have corrupting effects on the electric networks 2 . High level of pollution resulting from various disturbances reduces the quality of power in electric networks. On the other side some residential, commercial and especially medical consumers are so sensitive to power system disturbances including voltage and frequency variations. The best solution to reduce corruption and improve power quality is complying national or international EMC regulations. CISPR, IEC, FCC and VDE are among the most famous organizations from Europe, USA and Germany who are responsible for determining and publishing the most important EMC regulations. IEC and VDE requirement and limitations on conducted emission are
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