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土木工程专业毕业设计外文翻译---建设工程质量检测行业现状及发展对策

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土木工程专业毕业设计外文翻译---建设工程质量检测行业现状及发展对策

外文文献 Construction Quality Testing Industry Status and Development Strategies Abstract With China s accession to the WTO, the foreign advanced detection of a large number of institutions will enter the domestic, For long-term protection of the domestic state of the detection unit is an unprecedented challenge. Therefore, this paper analyzes the status of the industry, the development of the industry to identify existing problems and challenges, as well as the development of the industry s response are discussed. Keywords detection, industry, strategy 1. Foreword The construction industry is one of the pillars of the national economy and infrastructure industries. Particularly as China is in a rapid development stage, the whole nation is increasing infrastructure construction. Meanwhile coupled with the construction industry as a driving force for economic development speed of the important forces that the construction industry is in a phase of great development. While China s construction market is in a very active stage, but also at extremely competitive market norms and plagued with problems The first is to downgrading prices, kickbacks, Loaning three knives, the prence of local protectionism, the rise of trade protection; Second, the construction sector s lack of a scientific management system, legal documents and document management do not match and the advanced foreign relatively big gap between the model; three construction teams is a serious imbalance in supply and demand. construction teams technical content and the quality of personnel is generally not very high [1]. With China s accession to the WTO, the impact on the construction industry as a whole will have a far-reaching impact. WTO construction industry is an important aspect. Mainly related to the construction industry, the survey design and consulting, real estate, urban planning, cities with municipal utilities and construction fields related to the intermediary services. In the WTO agreement, the cause of building a service belonging to the scope of trade agreements. From the trade in services agreement connotation, At present, China s current building in the field of international trade at the basic level of labor-intensive services, while developed countries have technology, knowledge and capital-intensive service levels. Generally speaking, the gap is relatively large. China s accession to the WTO must be in accordance with the WTO agreement on the rights and obligations of the principle of balance to the enjoyment of certain rights, we must also fulfill its obligations, commitments, open markets and the risks facing pressure. The construction industry as an integral part of quality testing with the quality of people and raise awareness of the people to keep. Detection of emerging industries from the beginning of development today, as the construction industry is a subsidiary portion A construction enterprises is the internal laboratories; A scientific research institutions within the nature of the teaching and research laboratories; One is the quality of supervision and management at all levels established by the government with the supervision of color detection room. Three s of detection units have been in accordance with their respective fields of work and testing work, and has been affiliated to the parent body in accordance with the department for operation is not yet in independent operation of enterprises idea. However, as the impact of the WTO, according to international testing organizations general requirements must become independent corporate qualifications, should be an independent third-party intermediary services, the position becomes clearer, Detection of various units have started to carry out changes. In a transitional stage, it should be seriously from the perspective of the development of the industry in how to gradually standardized, regularization of the market economy into successful adaptation to changes in the market, the rapid growth and development. Industry Overview 2.1 Background industry 2.1.1 Testing Industry Status Detection industry from the ation of today approximately 15 years of experience -- 20 years of history, 10 years has made detection by the small-scale industries in turn, the type of work to a single integrated, Detection market concept from scratch, from covert to overt, various construction projects throughout the country now testing nearly 5,000 institutions, corporate laboratory quantity of approximately 40, oversight agencies detected 30, research institutions detection force for 30. The large number of enterprises belonging to the first laboratory to laboratory, which means that enterprises in order to guarantee the quality of their products and the establishment of the laboratory, Due to its nature to a large extent, limited their testing to the market and As a subsidiary body within enterprises in a position of economic strength, the ability to detect, size and technical strength sessions at a disadvantage in the market testing the market share of about 20. The establishment of oversight bodies at all levels of detection Room With a policy of absolute advantage because of their government background, it ed a short time to overcome the disadvantages of monopoly through inspection missions in the of rapidly in size and detection capabilities to gain the upper hand. Detection become mainstream market forces detection. However, the side effects of monopoly behavior is at its long-term policy to protect the state, compared with other inefficient institutions, technical level is not high, poor sense of service, their competitive ability. Research institutions with institutional re of public institutions and to keep stepping up the detection of operational s, it becomes the main development of the industry. and the gradual transition to an independent third party for the detection of corporate enterprises. They rely on the original national scientific research

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